A federal judge in New York on Wednesday ordered the Trump administration to stop enforcing a sweeping wealth test on people applying for green cards and visas for the duration of the national emergency over the coronavirus, agreeing with Democratic-led states that the rulesimmigrants from seeking public assistance during the pandemic.
The “public charge” rule first went into effect in February after the Supreme Court set aside court orders that had blocked the regulation, which gives officials more power to deny applications for green cards and visas from immigrants or prospective immigrants whom the government determines rely — or could rely — on certain government welfare programs.
“Defendants’ interest in effectuating the Rule fails to measure up to the gravity of this global pandemic that continues to threaten the lives and economic well-being of America’s residents,” Judge George Daniels of the U.S. District Court in Manhattan wrote in his order, referring to the government. “No person should hesitate to seek medical care, nor should they endure punishment or penalty if they seek temporary financial aid as a result of the pandemic’s impact.”
Since immigrants in the U.S. applying for green card status don’t qualify for most welfare programs, the public charge rule mostly affects those seeking to move to the country from abroad. To determine whether prospective immigrants are likely to become a “public charge,” caseworkers consider their wealth, age, educational skills, English language proficiency and health.
In April, the attorneys general in New York, Connecticut and Vermont asked the Supreme Court to reconsider its decision to allow the public charge regulation to remain in place, saying the restrictions were hindering nationwide efforts to contain the spreading coronavirus. The high court denied their request but left open the possibility for the states to pursue relief in lower courts.
The states files declarations by doctors, local officials and advocates who said immigrants across the country fear they could jeopardize their immigration status by seeking medical treatment and government aid during the pandemic.
Officials at U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services and the Department of Homeland Security did not respond to requests to comment on Wednesday order. A spokesperson for the Justice Department, which represents the administration in federal litigation, also did not respond to a request for comment.